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Atherosclerotic Process in Seroreverter Children and Adolescents Exposed to Fetal Antiretroviral Therapy

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Paula Martins*, António Pires, José Luis Santos, Cristina Sena and Raquel Seiça   Pages 216 - 224 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Human immunodeficiency virus infection is a recognized risk factor for premature atherosclerosis in children and adolescents. However, the atherosclerotic process in uninfected children exposed in utero to the virus and antiretroviral therapy is less clear.

Objective: To determine the potential cardiovascular risk associated to this in utero milieu exposition.

Material and Methods: A total of 115 individuals were studied (77 in the sample group and 38 in the controls). Eighteen analytical mediators involved in the atherogenic pathways (metabolic dysregulation, inflammation, and prothrombotic state) were analyzed. The carotid intima-media thickness, which is a subclinical marker of atherosclerosis, was also measured.

Results: No significant statistical differences were identified between the sample and control groups, either in the biochemical or the echographic markers.

Conclusion: In utero exposure to the HIV virus and antiretroviral therapy in uninfected children and adolescents is not correlated to accelerated atherosclerosis.

Keywords:

Antiretroviral therapy, atherosclerosis, carotid intima-media thickness, exposed, child, HIV infection.

Affiliation:

Paediatric Cardiology Service, Paediatric Hospital, Coimbra Hospital and Universitary Centre, Coimbra, Paediatric Cardiology Service, Paediatric Hospital, Coimbra Hospital and Universitary Centre, Coimbra, CMUC, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Researh (iCBR) - Faculty of Medicine - University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Researh (iCBR) - Faculty of Medicine - University of Coimbra, Coimbra

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