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Correlation Between Clinical Manifestation and Radiological Findings In Pulmonary Tuberculosis-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection Patients In Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Putu Satyakumara Upadhana*, Haikal Hamas Putra Iqra, I Gusti Agung Ayu Chintya Cahyarini, I Ketut Agus Somia and Pande Putu Yuli Anandasari   Pages 426 - 435 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) mono-infection has radiological features and typical clinical manifestations that are easily recognized by clinicians. These radiological features and clinical manifestations are often found to show atypical features in subjects coinfected with Tuberculosis- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), making TB diagnosis and early management challenging to establish.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the clinical and radiological presentation of pulmonary TB patients with HIV coinfection at the Central General Hospital Sanglah, Bali.

Methods: This research was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional method. A total of 54 TB-HIV coinfected patients were analyzed to their sociodemographic characteristics, clinical manifestations and chest radiographic features.

Results: The majority of subjects were of productive age (26-61 years), male (64.8%) and belonged to the heterosexual group (90.7%). Weight loss (75.9%), cough (64.8%) and oral candidiasis (53.7%) are the most common clinical manifestations found in subjects, especially in subjects with CD4+ >200 cells/mm3. Atypical radiological features such as infiltration/consolidation (59.3%), fibrosis (16.7%) and hillar lymphadenopathy (14.8%) are the most commonly obtained radiological features of the subjects. From the results of the bivariate analysis, it was found that radiological features in the form of infiltration/consolidation were more commonly found in subjects with CD4+ <200 cells/mm3 (OR=1.254; 95% CI 1.059-1.568).

Conclusion: Based on the research that has been done, it can be concluded that there are no typical radiological features and clinical manifestations in patients with TB-HIV infection.

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, human Immunodeficiency virus, chest radiological features, clinical manifestation, TB-HIV coinfection, CD4+ levels.

Affiliation:

Bachelor of Medicine and Medical Education Study Program, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bachelor of Medicine and Medical Education Study Program, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bachelor of Medicine and Medical Education Study Program, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Division of Tropical and Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar

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