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Genetic Diversity and Drug Resistance of HIV-1 CRF55_01B in Guangdong, China

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Guolong Yu*, Yan Li, Xuhe Huang, Pingping Zhou, Jin Yan, Xinge Yan, Xiaobing Fu, Yang Fang, Jun Liu, Jie Li, Xiang He and Peng Lin   Pages 210 - 218 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: HIV-1 CRF55_01B was first reported in 2013. At present, no report is available regarding this new clade’s polymorphisms in its functionally critical regions protease and reverse transcriptase.

Objective: To identify the diversity difference in protease and reverse transcriptase between CRF55_01B and its parental clades CRF01_AE and subtype B; and to investigate CRF55_01B’s drug resistance mutations associated with the protease inhibition and reverse transcriptase inhibition.

Methods: HIV-1 RNA was extracted from plasma derived from a MSM population. The reverse transcription and nested PCR amplification were performed following our in-house PCR procedure. Genotyping and drug resistant-associated mutations and polymorphisms were identified based on polygenetic analyses and the usage of the HIV Drug Resistance Database, respectively.

Results: A total of 9.24 % of the identified CRF55_01B sequences bear the primary drug resistance. CRF55_01B contains polymorphisms I13I/V, G16E and E35D that differ from those in CRF01_AE. Among the 11 polymorphisms in the RT region, seven were statistically different from CRF01_AE’s. Another three polymorphisms, R211K (98.3%), F214L (98.3%), and V245A/E (98.3 %.), were identified in the RT region and they all were statistically different with that of the subtype B. The V179E/D mutation, responsible for 100% potential low-level drug resistance, was found in all CRF55_01B sequences. Lastly, the phylogenetic analyses demonstrated 18 distinct clusters that account for 35% of the samples.

Conclusion: CRF55_01B’s pol has different genetic diversity comparing to its counterpart in CRF55_01B’s parental clades. CRF55_01B has a high primary drug resistance presence and the V179E/D mutation may confer more vulnerability to drug resistance.

Keywords:

CRF55_01B, genetic diversity, drug resistance mutations, MSM, CRF01_AE, B subtype.

Affiliation:

Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong Provincial Institute of Public Health, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong Provincial Institute of Public Health, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong Provincial Institute of Public Health, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Institute of AIDS Control and Prevention, Guangdong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou

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