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Community HIV Screening Among MSM in Three Indonesian Cities

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 1 ]


Rahmat Hidayat*, Daniel Marguari, Nany Hairunisa, Heru Suparno and Robert Magnani   Pages 65 - 71 ( 7 )


Background: Indonesia lags behind its peers with regard to ART coverage of PLHIV. Insufficient HIV testing among MSM and other key affected populations remains a barrier to increasing ART coverage.

Objective: This report presents the results of the first government-endorsed implementation research study of a community screening approach to increasing the rate of HIV testing among MSM in three cities.

Methods: All new MSM outreach contacts meeting eligibility criteria during March-June 2017 were included in the study. HIV testing at a government health facility, which is required to qualify for government-supported ART, was advised for all new contacts. Men refusing formal testing were offered an HIV screening test in a community setting using a saliva-based rapid test and advised to get a confirmatory test at a health facility. All outreach contacts and testing activities were recorded on individual client records.

Results: Of 1,149 eligible MSM, 27% were willing to be referred to receive HIV testing at a health facility, among which 83% were confirmed to have been tested. Of the 838 study subjects refusing health facility testing, 38% accepted community screening. The screening positivity rate was 14.8%. Only 38% of men with reactive screening tests received a confirmatory test at a health facility, along with 8% of those with non-reactive tests.

Conclusion: While community screening resulted in more MSM knowing their HIV status, reluctance to avail government health facility-based services, or indeed to be tested at all, must be addressed if community screening is to accelerate progress in getting HIV-positive MSM onto treatment.


ART, HIV community screening, MSM, Indonesia, MoH, PLHIV.


Yayasan Spiritia, Jakarta, Yayasan Spiritia, Jakarta, Yayasan Spiritia, Jakarta, Health Research Center, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, AIDS Research Center, Atma Jaya Catholic University, Jakarta

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