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Sexual Roles, Risk Sexual Behaviours, and HIV Prevalence among Men who Have Sex with Men Seeking HIV Testing in Changsha, China

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Yunxiao Lei, Kaili Zhang, Xueling Xiao, Chulei Tang, Xianhong Li and Honghong Wang*   Pages 174 - 181 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: HIV infection is prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM), and sexual roles may be important factors related to it. This study aims to describe the sexual roles, risky sexual behaviors and HIV prevalence among MSM, and to determine associated factors for HIV prevalence.

Methods: A convenient sampling method was used to recruit participants in a non-government organization in Changsha, China. The participants were asked to complete a 38-item self-administered questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics and risky sexual behaviours before collecting blood samples for HIV testing. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis were conducted with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Version 18.0 and other indexes were statistically described.

Results: A total of 601 MSMs who came to a local non-government organization for voluntary counseling and testing completed a pencil-and-paper survey and were tested for HIV. The overall HIV prevalence of this sample was 13.3%, and that of the bottoms (16.3%) was similar to the versatiles (15.9%) but higher than the tops (6.1%). Bivariate analyses showed that there were significant differences in age, marital status, monthly income, sexual orientation, age at first sex, sex of the first sex partner, sex with a woman in the last 6 months, oral sex with a man in the last 6 months and role of oral sex among 3 subgroups of MSM (p < 0.05). Multivariate analyses indicated that MSMs who played the role of either the bottoms or the versatiles were more likely to be HIV positive than the tops. While MSMs who used condoms in anal sex in the last 6 months, had sex with a woman in the last 6 months or had oral sex with a man in the last 6 months were less likely to be HIV positive.

Conclusion: Different sexual roles are associated with high-risk sexual behaviors among MSMs and their HIV infection status. Further research should target preventive interventions, and improve the effectiveness of the intervention according to the characteristics of the subgroups to reduce the HIV transmission among Chinese MSM.

Keywords:

Men who have sex with men, sexual roles, risky sexual behaviors, HIV, China, epidemic.

Affiliation:

School of Nursing of Henan University of Science and Technology, 263 Kaiyuan Road, Luolong District, Luoyang 471003, Xiangya School of Nursing of Central South University, 172 Tong Zi Po Road, Changsha 410013, Hunan, Xiangya School of Nursing of Central South University, 172 Tong Zi Po Road, Changsha 410013, Hunan, Xiangya School of Nursing of Central South University, 172 Tong Zi Po Road, Changsha 410013, Hunan, Xiangya School of Nursing of Central South University, 172 Tong Zi Po Road, Changsha 410013, Hunan, Xiangya School of Nursing of Central South University, 172 Tong Zi Po Road, Changsha 410013, Hunan

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