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Host Factor Predictors in Long-term Nonprogressors HIV-1 Infected with Distinct Viral Clades

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Jucelia Stadinicki dos Santos, Sergio Monteiro de Almeida , Guilherme Silveira Ferreira, Juliano Bordignon , Sylvia Lopes Maia Teixeira, Alberto Cardoso Martins Lima and Sonia Mara Raboni *   Pages 440 - 447 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: HIV-1+ long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) maintain natural control of viral infection. This study sought to identify and characterize HIV- LTNPs series case, regarding the presence of possible host factors that may be associated with this status.

Methods: We evaluated the plasma levels of IP-10/IL-8 chemokines, HLA-B alleles, and IL28B rs12979860 polymorphism in 24 LTNPs who presented with infection by different clades of HIV-1.

Results: IL-8 chemokine was significantly higher in progressors than in LTNPs, but there was no difference between the LTNP subgroups. There was a negative correlation in CD4+ T cell (TC) count and IL-8 dosage, and a positive correlation with CD8+ TC. IP-10 chemokine levels were associated with viremia, and the elite controller (EC) subgroup showed nearly the same level than healthy individuals and progressors with viral load suppressed. Furthermore, the CD4+ TC count, percentage of CD4+ TC, and CD4/CD8 ratio were negatively correlated with IP-10. No association was found in plasma levels of IL-8 and IP-10 chemokines and HIV-1 clades. In the EC/viremic controller subgroup, 80% presented with at least one HLA-B allele previously considered as potentially protective for AIDS progression. No association was observed between the HLA-B alleles and HIV- 1 clades. The IL28B CC genotype was identified in 87.5% of LTNPs.

Conclusion: In this LTNP series case we observed different host factors that may be contributing to their nonprogressor status, and the association of these factors with the control of infection progression may be critically important for future therapeutic and prophylactic options in HIV-1 infection.

Keywords:

HIV-LTNP, IL-8, IP-10, HLA-B alleles, rs12979860 polymorphism, chemokine.

Affiliation:

Postgraduate Program in Internal Medicine and Health Science, Universidade Federal do Parana, Parana, Virology Laboratory, Hospital de Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Parana, Parana, Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Instituto Carlos Chagas, FIOCRUZ, Curitiba, Parana, Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Instituto Carlos Chagas, FIOCRUZ, Curitiba, Parana, Laboratory of AIDS & Molecular Immunology, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Immunogenetics Laboratory, Hospital de ClĂ­nicas, Universidade Federal do Parana, Postgraduate Program in Internal Medicine and Health Science, Universidade Federal do Parana, Parana

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