Article Details


Development and Implementation of the DHAPP Military eHealth Information Network System

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Mary Kratz, Anne Thomas, Ricardo Hora, Delphis Vera, Mickey Lutz and Mark D. Johnson   Pages 102 - 108 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: As the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Global Fund, and the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief focus on reaching 90-90-90 goals, military health systems are scaling up to meet the data demands of these ambitious objectives.

Methods: Since 2008, the US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP) has been working with military partners in 14 countries on implementation and adoption of a Military eHealth Information Network (MeHIN). Each country implementation plan followed a structured process using international eHealth standards. DHAPP worked with the private sector to develop a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) electronic medical record (EMR) for the collection of data, including patient demographic information, clinical notes for general medical care, HIV encounters, voluntary medical male circumcision, and tuberculosis screening information.

Results: The COTS software approach provided a zero-dollar software license and focused on sharing a single version of the EMR across countries, so that all countries could benefit from software enhancements and new features over time. DHAPP also worked with the public sector to modify open source disease surveillance tools and open access of HIV training materials. Important lessons highlight challenges to eHealth implementation, including a paucity of technology infrastructure, military leadership rotations, and the need for basic computer skills building.

Conclusion: While not simple, eHealth systems can be built and maintained with requisite security, flexibility, and reporting capabilities that provide critical information to improve the health of individuals and organizations.

Keywords:

Capacity building, country impact, data management, eHealth, EMR/EHR, electronic medical records, health data, health information systems, health systems strengthening, HIV, information and communication technology, military, monitoring and evaluation.

Affiliation:

Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, Biomedical Informatics Department, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6, Lima,, Biomedical Informatics Department, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6, Lima, Vista Life Sciences, Parker, CO, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA

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