Aladdin H. Shadyab*, Braden R. Hale and Richard A. Shaffer Pages 78 - 81 ( 4 )
Background: The securitization (i.e., framing of a health issue as a security threat) of HIV/AIDS by the United Nations Security Council in 2000 changed the belief that HIV/AIDS is only a health issue. Although now accepted that HIV/AIDS represents a security threat, the consequences of securitization are still not widely established.Methods: The purpose of this paper was to present an evidence-based review of the outcomes and current challenges associated with HIV/AIDS securitization in the context of national security. Results/Conclusion: We provided an overview of HIV/AIDS securitization, followed by a discussion of the impact of securitization on peacekeeping personnel and uniformed services. We also reviewed the United States Government’s response to securitization and potential risks and benefits of securitization.
AIDS, HIV, international, military, national, peacekeeping, security.
Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA