Article Details


HIV/AIDS Securitization: Outcomes and Current Challenges

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Aladdin H. Shadyab, Braden R. Hale and Richard A. Shaffer   Pages 78 - 81 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Background: The securitization (i.e., framing of a health issue as a security threat) of HIV/AIDS by the United Nations Security Council in 2000 changed the belief that HIV/AIDS is only a health issue. Although now accepted that HIV/AIDS represents a security threat, the consequences of securitization are still not widely established.

Methods: The purpose of this paper was to present an evidence-based review of the outcomes and current challenges associated with HIV/AIDS securitization in the context of national security.

Results/Conclusion: We provided an overview of HIV/AIDS securitization, followed by a discussion of the impact of securitization on peacekeeping personnel and uniformed services. We also reviewed the United States Government’s response to securitization and potential risks and benefits of securitization.

Keywords:

AIDS, HIV, international, military, national, peacekeeping, security.

Affiliation:

Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA

Graphical Abstract:



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