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CUL5 and APOBEC3G Polymorphisms are Partially Implicated in HIV-1 Infection and Antiretroviral Therapy in a Brazilian Population

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Ronaldo Celerino da Silva, Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Ronald Rodrigues de Moura, Luiz Cláudio Arraes, Lucas André Cavalcanti Brandão, Rafael Lima Guimarães* and Sérgio Crovella   Pages 245 - 257 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Host restriction factors are cellular proteins able to diminish or block viral replication in a cell-specific way.

Objective and Method: We evaluated the distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in APOBEC3G (rs3736685, rs2294367) and CUL5 (rs7117111, rs7103534, rs11212495) genes, among 264 HIV-1 infected (HIV-1+) and 259 unexposed- uninfected individuals from Northeast Brazil, looking for a possible association with susceptibility to HIV-1 infection, viral load during treatment, CD4+ T cell count and therapeutic success of the antiretroviral treatment.

Results: The rs11212495 CUL5 G allele and the CUL5 rs7103534-rs7117111 CG haplotype were more frequent among unexposed-uninfected than in HIV-1+ individuals, suggesting an association with a lower HIV-1 infection susceptibility. The APOBEC3G rs2294367 G/C genotype correlated with delayed viral load suppression. Our results showed a great heterogeneity in relation to the literature findings, possibly due to ethnic differences among the studied populations, sample size used in the studies and, also, to the type of controls, i.e. in our study used unexposed-uninfected rather than exposed-uninfected individuals (rare and considered gold standard for susceptibility studies).

Conclusion: Our findings report genetic variants possibly associated with susceptibility to HIV-1 infection (CUL5 rs11212495, rs7103534, rs7117111) and partial viral load control (APOBEC3G rs2294367). Replica studies performed on higher number of subjects are envisaged to confirm our results.

Keywords:

HIV-1, CUL5, APOBEC3G, SNPs, viral load, ART.

Affiliation:

Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Institute of Integral Medicine of Pernambuco Professor Fernando Figueira, Recife, Laboratory of Immunopathology Keizo Asami (LIKA), Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, s/nº, CEP 50.670-420, Recife, Pernambuco, Laboratory of Immunopathology Keizo Asami (LIKA), Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife

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